Information on ethnic and religious tensions in Nigeria
|December 22, 2012||Posted by Vishal under Nigeria Business Visa, Nigeria TWP Visa, Nigeria Visa Application, Uncategorized||
When landing at an airport, holding a Nigerian visa, it would be natural for every UK citizen to express his or her concern regarding ethnic and religious tensions in Nigeria. Not only has this been a hot item on the western news media, over the past few years it has also become a major local concern. Hardly a day goes by without one either reading about or watching a news story on the television about some gruesome terrorist incident in Nigeria. So much so, that it has now become a matter of concern for those applying for a Nigeria visa in the UK as well.
To know more about the true reality of these internationally distracting terrorist occurrences, it is important to be informed about the situation prevailing locally in Nigeria today.
The country is located in Western Africa and borders the Gulf of Guinea that lies between Cameroon and Benin. Abuja is the federal capital of Nigeria, and the country is beset with a rapidly increasing population that currently exceeds 135 million.
Population diversification of Nigeria is a story of more than 250 different ethnic groups divided as follows: 29% Fulani and Hausa, 21% Yoruba, 18% Igbo or Ibo, 10% Ijaw, 4% Kanuri, 3.5% Ibibio, and 2.5% Tiv. Among major religions followed in Nigeria, 50% are Muslims, 40% are Christians, and the remaining 10% follow indigenous beliefs.
But when it comes to currently spoken languages, this is an area where Nigeria is next to none. For argument sake, a record of 521 languages has been officially estimated and systematically catalogued; with inclusion of 510 live languages, and two second languages that are not spoken natively, in addition to as many as nine extinct languages, among this massive total. In the post-colonial era, English was chosen as the official Nigerian language in order to diffuse ethnic and religious tensions. The language is now made wide use of in education, for official usage and business purposes. Thus, English also facilitates issuance of a Nigeria visa to all foreigners.
Since Nigerian constitution guarantees complete religious freedom, several religions are freely followed across the country. Christianity predominates in the country’s south, whereas Muslims predominately occupy the northern regions. Many native religions, comprising belief in ancestral worship, deities and spirits, are widely spread throughout most parts of Nigeria. Many Christians and Muslims may entwine their respective beliefs with the more unorthodox local religions.
Given this admixture of languages, customs, beliefs and cultural differences, general lawlessness in areas with high population densities, violent ethnic clashes, bomb blasts, acts of terrorism and religious tensions, are all part of modern day erosion of human values and prevailing economic disparities. Such issues probably exert an oppressive strain on developing nations, especially ones with a greater number of mouths to feed.
This post was written by Vishal Mavadia, Business Director Visa Services London.